News & Views

From Our Partners

Children by Choice, not Chance: Bayer’s Contribution to Sustainable Access to Contraceptives

This post is part of a monthly blog series profiling viewpoints from leaders in reproductive health who are members of the Bellagio Group on Long-Acting Reversible Contraception. The Bellagio Group is a coalition of experts who convene annually to discuss practices for expanding contraceptive choice and accelerating progress toward the Millennium Development Goal of universal access to reproductive health services. This post represents the views of the authors, and is not a representation of the Population Council or the Bellagio Group. Please direct any questions to the author at klaus.brill@bayer.com.

The United Nations formulated it clearly: Family planning is a fundamental right of every human being. It is an important step toward breaking the cycle of poverty—for women, their families, and for their communities. Yet much remains to be done before the right to self-determined family planning can be fully realized. According to estimates, more than 220 million women in developing countries don’t wish to become pregnant, yet are not using modern contraception.

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Population Briefs

New Study Provides First Global Accounting of Urban Water Sources and Stress

New Study Provides First Global Accounting of Urban Water Sources and Stress

Most current and nearly all future population growth in the developing world will occur in cities. As cities become more populated, they will need more water. Today, many cities are "water stressed"—defined as currently using at least 40 percent of available water.

However, the news is not all grim. A new study, the first to accurately estimate global urban water sources and water stress in large cities, has found that past analyses substantially overestimated water stress

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Population Briefs

Client and Provider Perspectives on Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health Services in India

Client and Provider Perspectives on Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health Services in India

The Government of India has opened more than 6,000 adolescent-friendly health clinics across the country to increase services, particularly reproductive health services, for young people. However, few young people have used the services. In the Youth in India study, conducted in 2010 by the International Institute for Population Sciences and Population Council, just seven percent of young men and three percent of young women reported ever receiving information on sexual matters from a health care provider. To understand the reasons for this circumstance, and to assist clinics in meeting the needs of intended clients, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare asked the Population Council to assess the clinics from the perspectives of young people and health care providers in three states in India (Jharkhand, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan).

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Population Briefs

New Insight into Sexuality, Gender Issues, and Gender-based Violence in South Asia

Interest in sexuality, domestic violence, and gender inequities in South Asia has surged over the past 15 years, partly due to several high profile cases of rape and other gender-based violence. However, many aspects of these complex topics—from men’s and women’s concepts of masculinity and sexuality to changing patterns of gender roles and the nature of violence—are still only partially understood.

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Press Releases

Population Council Reports Positive Acceptability Findings for Its Investigational One-Year Nestorone®/Ethinyl Estradiol Contraceptive Vaginal Ring

Population Council Reports Positive Acceptability Findings for Its Investigational One-Year Nestorone®/Ethinyl Estradiol Contraceptive Vaginal Ring

Research Published in Contraception Outlines a New Model for Measuring Acceptability of a Long-Acting Contraceptive Vaginal Ring

NEW YORK (16 December 2014) — The Population Council published new research in the November issue of the journal Contraception demonstrating that an investigational one-year contraceptive vaginal ring containing Nestorone® and ethinyl estradiol was found to be highly acceptable among women enrolled in a Phase 3 clinical trial. Because the perspectives of women are critical for defining acceptability, researchers developed a theoretical model based on women’s actual experiences with this contraceptive vaginal ring, and assessed their overall satisfaction and adherence to instructions for ring use. In this trial, researchers also measured continuation of ring use for up to one year.

“Understanding the factors that influence women’s satisfaction with and acceptability of a contraceptive method helps researchers and product developers design and test products that better meet their health and family planning needs,” said Ruth Merkatz, Director, Clinical Development, Center for Biomedical Research at the Population Council. “Our results add to the growing body of evidence documenting the acceptability of our investigational contraceptive vaginal ring. With the development of this model, we can continue studying women’s preferences for this and other vaginal rings to ensure that introductory and educational efforts are user-centric and responsive to women’s needs.”

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Press Releases

Just Published: “The Effect on Fertility of the 2003–2011 War in Iraq”

Just Published: “The Effect on Fertility of the 2003–2011 War in Iraq”
Photo credit: James Gordon

New Study from Population and Development Review Finds Adolescent Childbearing in Iraq Has Risen Due to Increased Early Marriage Among Less-Educated Women

NEW YORK (15 December 2014) — A study published today is the first detailed assessment of whether the 8-year Iraq War had an effect on childbearing. The study found that before the war, from 1997 to 2003, adolescent fertility in Iraq was stable at just below 70 births per 1,000 girls aged 15–19. However, soon after the beginning of the war, adolescent fertility rose by more than 30 percent, reaching over 95 births per 1,000 girls in 2010. The study is included in the December 2014 issue of Population and Development Review, a peer-reviewed journal published by the Population Council.

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Voices of Change

Geoffrey McNicoll: Publishing Research with Global Reach

Geoffrey McNicoll is a senior associate and co-editor of the Council’s Population and Development Review (PDR).

I joined the Council in 1974, and Population and Development Review’s first issue was published in September 1975. PDR is a scholarly, peer-reviewed journal that seeks to bring the best social science expertise to bear on explaining the relationships between population and social, economic, and environmental change. It draws on history and social theory to generate new insights on population policy. I’ve been associated with PDR since its inception. I joined Paul Demeny as co-editor in 2008. Since his retirement in 2012, Landis MacKellar and I have been the editors.

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Press Releases

Population Council Honors Global Health Leaders with Inaugural Ideas with Impact Awards

Population Council Honors Global Health Leaders with Inaugural Ideas with Impact Awards
Photo credit: Heysha Nameri

Awardees Include Bayer HealthCare, Adolescent Girls Learning Circle, and Outgoing Council President Peter Donaldson

The Population Council honored global leaders in international health and development at the first Ideas with Impact Awards ceremony in New York City on Monday night. Photos from the event are available at http://on.fb.me/1zvDUHP.

The Population Council confronts critical health and development issues—from stopping the spread of HIV to improving reproductive health and ensuring that young people lead full and productive lives. Through biomedical, social science, and public health research in 50 countries, the Council delivers solutions that lead to more effective policies, programs, and technologies that improve lives around the world.

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