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Population Briefs

Making Sexuality and HIV Education Programs More Effective

Making Sexuality and HIV Education Programs More Effective
Photo credit: Population Council

A new analysis by Population Council researcher Nicole Haberland provides powerful evidence that sexuality and HIV education programs addressing gender and power in intimate relationships are far more likely to be effective than programs that do not. The research appears in the March 2015 issue of International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, published by the Guttmacher Institute.

Adolescents in the United States and around the world face significant reproductive health challenges, including high rates of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, young people in the United States aged 15–24 account for half of all new sexually transmitted infections. Globally, young people in this age range account for 40 percent of all new HIV infections, according to UNAIDS.

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Population Briefs

Creating a Database of HIV Prevention Clinical Trial Terminology and Translations

Creating a Database of HIV Prevention Clinical Trial Terminology and Translations

The Population Council recently launched a database of HIV-prevention clinical trial terminology in multiple languages. Translations in Context: A Database of HIV Prevention Terminology and Translation—available at lexicon.popcouncil.org—is the first of its kind. Designed to reduce the duplication of translation efforts in the field of HIV research, it is an open access, searchable database available to anyone with internet access. The database contains translations for hundreds of HIV prevention terms in seven languages (English, Setswana, Spanish, Swahili, Thai, Xhosa, Zulu). The goal of the database is to assist the process of fielding new HIV studies, since clear and correct translations are both important and costly. 

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Population Briefs

Developing a Highly Acceptable Contraceptive Vaginal Ring

New research finds the Population Council’s one-year contraceptive vaginal ring is highly acceptable to women. Researchers developed and tested a framework for assessing women’s satisfaction with contraceptive vaginal rings. In addition to assessing the acceptance of the Council’s ring, the study showed the framework to be an accurate method for assessing women’s satisfaction with contraceptive vaginal rings in general. 

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Population Briefs

Reducing Adolescent Girls’ Vulnerability to Sexual Violence in Sub-Saharan Africa

Reducing Adolescent Girls’ Vulnerability to Sexual Violence in Sub-Saharan Africa

A recent Population Council study in Uganda has demonstrated that addressing girls’ financial needs—such as giving them access to savings accounts—without simultaneously addressing their social and health needs could increase their chances of experiencing sexual harassment.

Adolescent girls living in sub-Saharan Africa lack access to many core community resources, including banks, health clinics, and safe places to meet with friends. They also face high rates of gender-based violence, are at greater risk for unsafe sex that can lead to unwanted pregnancies and HIV infection, and have limited economic resources and income-generating opportunities. Evidence suggests that equipping the most marginalized girls and young women with basic assets—skills, knowledge, and resources—will help them become productive, safe, and successful adults. 

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Population Briefs

New Study Provides First Global Accounting of Urban Water Sources and Stress

New Study Provides First Global Accounting of Urban Water Sources and Stress

Most current and nearly all future population growth in the developing world will occur in cities. As cities become more populated, they will need more water. Today, many cities are "water stressed"—defined as currently using at least 40 percent of available water.

However, the news is not all grim. A new study, the first to accurately estimate global urban water sources and water stress in large cities, has found that past analyses substantially overestimated water stress

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Population Briefs

Client and Provider Perspectives on Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health Services in India

Client and Provider Perspectives on Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health Services in India

The Government of India has opened more than 6,000 adolescent-friendly health clinics across the country to increase services, particularly reproductive health services, for young people. However, few young people have used the services. In the Youth in India study, conducted in 2010 by the International Institute for Population Sciences and Population Council, just seven percent of young men and three percent of young women reported ever receiving information on sexual matters from a health care provider. To understand the reasons for this circumstance, and to assist clinics in meeting the needs of intended clients, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare asked the Population Council to assess the clinics from the perspectives of young people and health care providers in three states in India (Jharkhand, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan).

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Population Briefs

New Insight into Sexuality, Gender Issues, and Gender-based Violence in South Asia

Interest in sexuality, domestic violence, and gender inequities in South Asia has surged over the past 15 years, partly due to several high profile cases of rape and other gender-based violence. However, many aspects of these complex topics—from men’s and women’s concepts of masculinity and sexuality to changing patterns of gender roles and the nature of violence—are still only partially understood.

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Population Briefs

Meeting the Needs of Adolescent Girls: Using Research to Develop and Implement Programs that Improve Girls’ Lives

Meeting the Needs of Adolescent Girls: Using Research to Develop and Implement Programs that Improve Girls’ Lives
Photo credit: Population Council

In Zambia, Population Council researchers are implementing and evaluating the Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program (AGEP) using a randomized control trial, in order to provide strong evidence of the intervention’s impact. AGEP will enroll 10,000 poor adolescent girls and address their social isolation, economic vulnerability, and lack of access to vital health services.

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Population Briefs

The Influence of Rural Women’s Autonomy on Marital Violence in Four Indian States

The Influence of Rural Women’s Autonomy on Marital Violence in Four Indian States
Photo credit: Population Council

There is evidence that women in India who have more education than their husbands, who earn more, or who are the sole earners in their families have a higher likelihood of experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) than women who are not employed or who are less educated than their spouse. However, recent Population Council research found women’s autonomy to be correlated with less IPV in some regions.

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