Mobility transitions within a global system: Migration in the ESCAP region
Asia-Pacific Population Journal 14(4): 57-72
Publication date: 1999
This article focuses on the context within which migration occurs in the ESCAP region. It covers the patterns of migration according to countries' stage in the demographic transition process and level of economic development. It points out that, although international migration is receiving increased attention, it is internal migration that makes up the vast majority of moves. Internal migration is characterized by a high proportion of temporary migrants, a significant proportion of whom are female, and people moving from rural to urban areas. The article also discusses urbanization and international migration as well as the impacts of these processes. It concludes with a number of predictions about the pattern of migration in the first quarter of the twentieth century, during which migration is expected to come to the forefront as a demographic, economic, social and political issue.