Individual and contextual determinants of domestic violence in North India
Koenig,Michael A.; Stephenson,Rob; Ahmed,Saifuddin; Jejeebhoy,Shireen J.; Campbell,Jacquelyn C.
American Journal of Public Health 96(1): 132-138
Publication date: 2006
We examined individual- and community-level influenceson domestic violence in Uttar Pradesh, North India.
Multilevel modeling was used to explore domestic violenceoutcomes among a sample of 4520 married men.
Recent physical and sexual domestic violence was associatedwith the individual-level variables of childlessness, economicpressure, and intergenerational transmission of violence. Acommunity environment of violent crime was associated with elevatedrisks of both physical and sexual violence. Community-levelnorms concerning wife beating were significantly related onlyto physical violence.
Important similarities as well as differences wereevident in risk factors for physical and sexual domestic violence.Higher socioeconomic status was found to be protective againstphysical but not sexual violence. Our results provide additionalsupport for the importance of contextual factors in shapingwomen's risks of physical and sexual violence.