In Burkina Faso, the Council collaborates with government institutions, United Nations agencies, the World Bank, and nongovernmental organizations to implement programs and build the capacity of service providers. Key avenues of research include finding the best ways to introduce new family planning options, improve reproductive health, increase child survival, reduce gender inequities, reduce child marriage by building evidence for programs aimed at increasing the age at marriage, and address the needs of vulnerable adolescents. Formative research by the Council was the first to identify the urgent need to help migrant adolescent girls in domestic service build life skills and protective assets. The Council is studying ways to develop cost-effective maternal and child health and family planning services capable of satisfying demand among a largely rural population and expanding knowledge about fistula, female genital mutilation/cutting, and other reproductive health concerns.
The Population Council began working in Burkina Faso in 1989 and established a country office in Ouagadougou in 1994.