Population Briefs

Population Briefs, the Population Council's semi-annual research newsletter, summarizes new peer-reviewed research published by the Council in scholarly journals. 

Population Briefs

2014: Population Briefs, Vol. 20, no. 2

Preclinical study shows microbicide gel’s effectiveness against HIV and other viruses. Ensuring that family planning programs respect, protect, and fulfill women’s rights. The influence of rural women’s autonomy on marital violence in four Indian states. Meeting the needs of adolescent girls: Using research to develop and implement programs that improve girls’ lives

2014: Population Briefs, Vol. 20, no. 1

"Anything can happen anytime": Perceived lack of safety among girls in South Africa. Expanding contraceptive options for breastfeeding women: Introduction of the progesterone contraceptive vaginal ring. Reducing unmet need for contraception: Helping women to continue effective use. Estimating the size of key populations in Nairobi, Kenya.

2013: Population Briefs, Vol. 19, no. 1

This special issue of Population Briefs focuses on 60 years of groundbreaking Population Council research.

Advancing long-acting reversible contraception. Shaping policy and practice: The Council's peer-reviewed journals. Bringing to light the hazards of smoking when using the Pill. Improving quality of care in family planning. Using research to improve programs. Developing microbicides to combat HIV transmission. Broadening the response to population momentum. Charting a positive future for girls in developing countries. Identifying the HIV risk and sexual health needs of men who have sex with men in Africa. Shaping abortion reform in Mexico City. Ensuring protections for young people in research. Placing equality, respect, and dignity at the center of sexuality and HIV education.

2013: Population Briefs, Vol. 19, no. 2

Understanding and empowering migrant girls. Study highlights data needed to reduce child marriage. Researchers call for a green contraceptive research and development agenda. Lessons from a decade of MSM research in sub-Saharan Africa.

2013: Population Briefs, Vol. 19, no. 3

Family planning road map points way to equitable access. Improving adherence in microbicide clinical trials: Lessons learned and recommendations. Increasing girls' protective assets in rural Upper Egypt. Menstruation accounts for only small proportion of girls' absenteeism in Malawi, study suggests.

2012: Population Briefs, Vol. 18, no. 1

Population Council research defines broad benefits of family planning. Council-partnered family planning foundation significantly reduces risk of unintended pregnancy among poor women in the United States. Council research offers insights into meeting the health needs of vulnerable female sex workers. Council research improves HIV policy for male migrants in India.

2012: Population Briefs, Vol. 18, no. 2

The power of family planning to improve lives and strengthen societies. Population Council programs offer evidence-based approaches to protecting adolescent girls at risk of HIV. Prioritize maternal morbidity, says Council expert.

2011: Population Briefs, Vol. 16, no. 3

The potential role of community-based pregnancy and delivery care in reducing maternal and newborn mortality in rural Pakistan. Education helps girls overcome a history of disadvantage. Comparing computer and face-to-face interviewing. Vaginal microbicide combination shown effective in monkeys.

2011: Population Briefs, Vol. 17, no. 1

Understanding the HIV risk and sexual health needs of men who have sex with men. Reducing HIV-related stigma. Improving the lives of children orphaned or made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS. Promoting gender equity to fight HIV. Increasing access to antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected adults and children. Shaping policies and programs to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The Horizons program.

2011: Population Briefs, Vol. 17, no. 2

Improving policies and programs to prevent and respond to sexual and gender-based violence and HIV. Shaping evidence-based policies and programs for vulnerable children in Uganda. Some lubricants increase HIV replication and may cause rectal tissue damage. National surveys provide insights into lives of adolescents in Egypt and Ethiopia.

2011: Population Briefs, Vol. 17, no. 3

Detailing impact of Mexico's landmark legislation. Discovery advances knowledge about link between herpes and HIV infection. Increasing the availability of postabortion care services. Bringing clarity to gender equity programs.

2010: Population Briefs, Vol. 16, no. 1

Sperm structure acts as protein gate. Integrating gender and rights into sex and HIV education. Best practices for expanding access to emergency contraception. Studies explore the sexual health needs of HIV-positive adolescents.

2010: Population Briefs, Vol. 16, no. 2

Donors should prioritize prevention, analysis finds. Mirena® proved useful in women with endometrial cancer and precancer, preserving fertility. Young people in India: Their situation and their needs. Targeting violence against women in Bolivia and Vietnam.

2009: Population Briefs, Vol. 15, no. 1

Abortions in Mexico increased by a third in 16 years. Study finds link between phthalate and low birth weight. Program shown to significantly delay child marriage. Family planning programs remarkably successful. Trial showed anti-HIV microbicide candidate is safe, but did not prove it effective.

2009: Population Briefs, Vol. 15, no. 2

Empowering married young women in India and improving their sexual and reproductive health. Enhancing promotion of the female condom. Identifying the "bridging population" in Pakistan. Analysis examines availability and use of data for development.

2009: Population Briefs, Vol. 15, no. 3

Despite laws, too many girls marry early. New data guides bring adolescents into focus. Urban transformation calls for new approach to health services. South African program promotes “resilience” and improves post-rape care. Attention to neglected postnatal period saves lives. Contraceptive research leads to an array of options. 

2008: Population Briefs, Vol. 14, no. 1

IUDs: A beneficial, underused contraceptive technology. Council researcher studies Egyptian economic paradox. Self-sampling for RTIs is valid, feasible, acceptable. Straight talk increases knowledge, improves behavior. Pakistani girls' teachers more likely to be absent.

2008: Population Briefs, Vol. 14, no. 2

Reducing FGM/C among Somali girls in Kenya. Computerized interviewing validated in Brazil. Addressing the HIV prevention needs of men who have sex with men in Africa. Illuminating the mechanisms of sperm maturation. Has the HIV epidemic peaked?

2007: Population Briefs, Vol. 13, no. 1

Chemical postmaster helps deliver contraceptive to testis. Complex role for marriage in HIV risk, studies find. Examining the rollout of pediatric antiretroviral treatment in South Africa. Focused antenatal care acceptable, tricky to implement. New book explores political dimensions of population growth.

2007: Population Briefs, Vol. 13, no. 2

Innovative program dramatically lowers child mortality in Ghana. Comprehensive program successfully decreases HIV risk behaviors. Pakistan: Multifaceted approach reduces infant deaths. Tests suggest new microbicide will have improved efficacy.

2007: Population Briefs, Vol. 13, no. 3

Vietnamese health policies to improve fairness may miss ethnic minorities, study finds. Bad experiences underlie pregnancy-related dropout. Council works to reduce unsafe abortion in Mexico. Support programs aid vulnerable African children. Phthalates toxic to testosterone-producing cells.

2006: Population Briefs, Vol. 12, no. 1

Unexplored elements of adolescence in the developing world. Low morale found among South African nurses. Surviving catastrophe: The elderly in Cambodia. Ethical implications of working with children. Council researchers wrestle with SUMO.

2006: Population Briefs, Vol. 12, no. 2

Ishraq expands horizons for girls in rural Upper Egypt. Council biologist discovers stem Leydig cells. Meeting explores pricing of pharmaceutical products. Could eliminating malaria significantly extend life expectancy? Poverty and school dropout in Pakistan.

2006: Population Briefs, Vol. 12, no. 3

Council study clarifies states of vulnerable populations after Pakistan earthquake. Partner-delivered therapy viable in resource-poor areas. Illuminating the status of Mayan girls in Guatemala. CDB-2914 may be an effective fibroid treatment.

2005: Population Briefs, Vol. 11, no. 1

Mixed success involving men in maternal care worldwide. Bengali perceptions of adult mortality trends distorted. Unsafe behaviors most common among poor women. Maternal health education needed in Pakistan.

2005: Population Briefs, Vol. 11, no. 2

Globalization is transforming adolescence in the developing world. Guide for improving adherence to drug therapies. Emergency contraception's mode of action clarified. Sperm with bent tails point to possible male contraceptive. Postabortion complications prevalent in Pakistan.

2005: Population Briefs, Vol. 11, no. 3

Physical abuse common during pregnancy in South Asia, studies find. Low chemical exposure may speed male puberty. Expanding a successful health care initiative. Can livelihoods training alter girls' lives?

2004: Population Briefs, Vol. 10, no. 1

Carraguard™ may block HIV by adhering to cells. Enhancing HIV/AIDS care in South India. How long will we live? Demographers refine estimates. Investigating IUD demand in Ghana and Guatemala. Potential data biases in studies exposed. Schooling trends in Africa: New assessment methods needed.

2004: Population Briefs, Vol. 10, no. 2

Making public pensions sustainable. Bias against women in South Asia shortens lifespan. Combating HIV on multiple fronts. Review finds scarce documentation on quality-of-care efforts. Is focus on premarital sex in Vietnam warranted? Approaches to researching women's reproductive health.

2004: Population Briefs, Vol. 10, no. 3

Reproductive health program for youth successful in Kenya. Education, wealth play different roles in health. Door-to-door delivery enhances women's status in Bangladesh. Reducing c-sections may require multifaceted approach. Lessons from introducing postabortion care in Egypt. Potential long-acting male contraceptive studied.

2003: Population Briefs, Vol. 9, no. 1

Adolescent behavior in the context of AIDS in South Africa. End to childbearing delays could lead to fertility rise. Mirena®-induced drop in menstrual bleeding studied. New operations research handbook targets HIV/AIDS. Trends in disability and functioning among older adults in the United States and Taiwan.

2003: Population Briefs, Vol. 9, no. 2

Education improves breastfeeding practices in Zambia. Focus on newborn survival needed in rural Pakistan. Hormone choice may reduce risks of menopause therapy. Innovative strategies reduce fertility in Ghana. The future of training population scientists.

2003: Population Briefs, Vol. 9, no. 3

Broad survey of Pakistani youth completed. Egyptian working women's perceptions of marriage. Improved care increases contraceptive use. New population encyclopedia offers thorough review, reflects expanded scope of field. Transformation in world's cities explored. Unlocking the mechanism of androgen action.

2002: Population Briefs, Vol. 8, no. 1

Bridging the safe motherhood knowledge gap. Decelerating pace and human development crucial elements of fertility transition. Illuminating the role of inhibins and activins in fertility. Motivations for and barriers to study participation. Public services found lacking in many developing-country cities. What factors affect the prevalence of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa?

2002: Population Briefs, Vol. 8, no. 2

Altering cell bonds in testis may yield contraceptive. Demographic change and regional affiliations in East Asia. Friends strongly influence contraceptive use in Ghana. Improving provider-client interactions in the Philippines. Maternal deaths in the Dominican Republic analyzed. New book documents transformations in reproductive health programs worldwide.