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Fertility Transition: A Selection from Population and Development Review

Fertility Transition: A Selection from Population and Development Review

Special Online Issue of Population and Development Review Honors 40 Years of Advancing Knowledge

The Population Council published the first issue of Population and Development Review in 1975. Its continuing focus has been on advancing knowledge of the complex relationships between population and social, economic, and environmental change and providing a forum for discussion of related issues of public policy.

A core topic in the Review has been fertility transition: the one-time demographic transformation in which a society’s fertility falls from an average of five or more births per woman to below three, and often below two. The transition, linked to socioeconomic development and improvements in health and longevity, is of major interest to social scientists. Moreover, it is still underway in many countries, and in a few has barely begun. The future pace of fertility decline in these countries has large implications for the ultimate peak size of the human population and its well-being.

To mark the journal’s 40th anniversary, we present a selection of articles on this important subject drawn from the Review’s past four decades.

Population and Development Review seeks to advance knowledge of the relationships between population and social, economic, and environmental change and provides a forum for discussion of related issues of public policy. Population and Development Review is published quarterly.