The Population Council's headquarters is in New York City. Approximately half of the Council's staff is based in the United States, and many global research projects are led by staff members in the Council’s New York and Washington, DC offices.
The Council's Center for Biomedical Research (CBR) is located on the campus of Rockefeller University in New York City. Researchers at CBR study HIV transmission and reproductive biology and develop contraceptives, HIV prevention products, and multipurpose technologies that prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Products developed at CBR have also been shown to provide additional benefits and indications, including preservation of breast health and care for multiple sclerosis. The Population Council also provides fellowships to scientists who wish to pursue advanced study in the physiology and biochemistry of reproduction at CBR.
The Council’s two peer-reviewed journals, Population and Development Review and Studies in Family Planning, are edited and printed in the United States. Articles from the journals are widely cited, have shaped understanding of critical issues in global development, and have helped transform programs and policies around the world.