XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference
27 September–2 October 2009
We would like to assess the impact of international migration and remittances on (1) women's participation in decisionmaking and (2) children's schooling. To date, there has been no thorough examination of the effects of migration on children's schooling in Egypt or in the MENA region. Our datasets are the Egypt Labor Market Survey (ELMS 98) and the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS 06). The data contain information on remittances, return migrants, education, and women's decisionmaking. We will exploit the panel dimension of the data to estimate the impact of migration in 1998 on women's and children's outcomes in 2006. The main estimation problem to overcome is the endogeneity of migration. Since migration opportunities tend to be network-dependent, we plan to use as an instrument the intensity of migration on the village level based on the 1996 Egyptian Census; or alternatively the percent of migrants at the ELMS cluster level.
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