Press Releases

Population Council Presents New Analyses on Girls’ Education, Rights-Based Family Planning, and Men’s Use of Contraception at Population Association of America Annual Meeting

CHIGACO, ILLINOIS (April 26, 2017) — Population Council experts will present 23 abstracts on key health and development issues at the Population Association of America (PAA) 2017 Annual Meeting in Chicago from April 27-29. The annual meeting gathers more than 2,000 demographers, public health experts, sociologists, economists, scholarly publishers, and students to examine the latest population trends and topics in the US and around the world.

Council researchers from Bangladesh, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Zambia and the US will present new evidence on pressing social issues, including school access, quality, and educational attainment among girls in 43 countries worldwide; new tools for measuring health facilities’ readiness to implement rights-based family planning; and rates of male contraceptive use by geography, method, and wealth quintile worldwide.

While many countries have made progress in reducing gender inequalities in education, a Council study being presented at PAA offers a nuanced understanding of global patterns and suggests it is “too early” to shift attention away from primary school enrollment and completion. The findings also indicate literacy levels have deteriorated in several countries as school enrollment increased, a sign of poor school quality. The Council’s presentations on rights-based family planning and men’s use of contraceptives will aid efforts to improve the quality and equity of reproductive health services worldwide.

“The Population Council is pleased to inform academic and policy discourses around social science, demography and public health at PAA 2017,” said Ann Blanc, vice president, Social and Behavioral Science Research at Population Council. “Our rigorous analysis of key issues—such as progress toward closing the global gender gap in education—can help inform more effective programs and investments in future programming.”

The Population Council will also host “meet the editors” sessions at booth #101 for its two peer-reviewed journals, including Population and Development Review (PDR) (Landis MacKellar and John B. Casterline) and Studies in Family Planning (SFP) (John Bongaarts and Jeffrey B. Bingenheimer). PDR addresses complex issues of population and socioeconomic change, while SFP advances understanding of family planning and sexual and reproductive health practices, programs, and services.

Highlights from the Council’s presentations are below. A full list of Council presentations can be found here.

  • Effect of contraception on fertility: Is sub-Saharan Africa different?
    John Bongaarts (Thursday, 10:15–11:45 am, Continental C)
    Overview: Cross-sectional analyses produce misleading results about the relationship between contraceptive prevalence and fertility in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Longitudinal analyses show that increases in contraceptive prevalence in SSA have the same effect on fertility rates as in other parts of the world.
  • Perceived internalized stigma and unmet need among married adolescents in Ethiopia
    Aparna Jain (Thursday, 2:45–4:15 pm, Continental C)
    Overview: Married adolescents in Ethiopia who reported perceived internalized stigma around access to contraceptive services, such as fear, embarrassment and worry, were 2.3 times more likely to have an unmet need for contraception.
  • Validating a measure of rights-based family planning service delivery
    Karen Hardee (Thursday, 4:45–6:15 pm, Continental B)
    Overview: The Evidence Project, Palladium Group, and additional expert advisors developed and are testing a service delivery index that will measure health facilities’ readiness to implement a rights-based approach to family planning.
  • Use of male methods of contraception worldwide
    Karen Hardee (Friday, 2:45–4:15 pm, Salon A-5)
    Overview: Increasing the male share of contraceptive use will require concerted programmatic efforts to expand access to male methods and promote their use as part of a broadened contraceptive method mix. 
  • Too soon to declare victory: The evidence for a girls' education transition in 43 countries
    Stephanie Psaki (Saturday, 9:00-10:30 a.m., Williford B)
    Overview: More effective and targeted investments in girls’ education require a better understanding of the sequence and pattern of the “girls’ education transition” of school access, educational attainment and gender gap trends.

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About the Population Council

The Population Council confronts critical health and development issues—from stopping the spread of HIV to improving reproductive health and ensuring that young people lead full and productive lives. Through biomedical, social science, and public health research in 50 countries, we work with our partners to deliver solutions that lead to more effective policies, programs, and technologies that improve lives around the world. Established in 1952 and headquartered in New York, the Council is a nongovernmental, nonprofit organization governed by an international board of trustees.

Media contact:
Kevin Short,; +1 212 339 0509