Population Council Distinguished Scholar Anrudh K. Jain conducts social science research and policy analysis on international population and reproductive health, particularly family planning quality of care, unmet need for family planning, and HIV risk reduction. His work bridges the gap between demographic and reproductive health perspectives in population policies and programs.
Jain joined the Population Council in 1971, starting as a staff associate in Delhi and moving to the Council’s Center for Biomedical Research in New York in 1973. At the Center for Biomedical Research, his analyses illuminated the increased risk of death for women who smoke heavily and use oral contraceptives. As a result of Jain’s work, the FDA altered its recommendations to advise physicians about the health risks of smoking and Pill use. Today, oral contraceptives are widely recognized as safe for most women who do not smoke.
In the late 1970s, Jain began studying international programs. His work provided some of the first empirical evidence for the relationship between family planning method choice and the prevalence of contraceptive use, contributing to the family planning quality of care framework. Since then, several studies have demonstrated that improving the quality of reproductive health services increases contraceptive use.
Jain is a member of the Population Association of America, the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, and the Indian Association for the Study of Population. Before joining the Council, he worked with the Ford Foundation in Delhi and the University of Michigan, where he received his PhD in sociology in 1968.
Jain helped to establish the African Population and Health Research Center in Nairobi and served on its board of directors until 2005. He has edited, authored, or co-authored five books and more than 70 research papers on topics related to population policy, fertility, reproductive health and family planning, infant mortality, safety and effectiveness of contraceptives, marketing of contraceptives, and management of pregnancies.