Journal Article

Fertility differentials by education in Brazil: From the conclusion of fertility to the onset of postponement transition

Brazil entered the group of countries that had below-replacement fertility forty to fifty years after the onset of fertility transition. The last decade also marks the onset of the so-called postponement transition in Brazil. We build birth histories from the 2000 and 2010 Brazilian demographic censuses. We divide women into four groups according to years of schooling and apply a decomposition of rate and composition effects to estimate the extent to which within-group rate effects and compositional effects account for change in some fertility- and postponement-related variables. The rate effects explain changes that are not associated with education, while the compositional effects explain changes driven by the education gradient.  In the case of fertility-related variables, there is a combination of rate and composition impacts on fertility decline.  In the case of the postponement of childbearing, the education gradient (composition effect) explains most of the observed rise in postponement.

Published in a peer-reviewed journal of the Population Council.