Research Publication

FGM/C and its links to HIV, fistula, and early/child marriage

FGM/C and its links to HIV, fistula, and early/child marriage

The Population Council leads Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Girls and Women Thrive—a UKAID-funded research programme to help end female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) within one generation.

To help fill key knowledge gaps and inform policies and initiatives aimed at ending FGM/C, the programme examined FGM/C and its association with HIV, fistula, and early/child marriage. While these associations are often hypothesized, they have received limited research attention.

To clarify the nature of these three relationships, the programme conducted:

  • Rigorous reviews of existing research literature.
  • Data analysis from recent national surveys in select sub-Saharan African countries.

The findings are documented in a set of six research reports and three evidence briefs. 

FISTULA
Evidence brief:

Based on:

  • Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, and Tamanna Keya, "Exploring the association between FGM/C and fistula: A review of the evidence," Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Women Thrive. New York: Population Council, May 2017.
  • Dennis Matanda, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga, "Associations between female genital mutilation/cutting and fistula: A multi-country statistical analysis," Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Women Thrive. New York: Population Council. (forthcoming)

HIV
Evidence brief:

Based on:

  • Y. Abisola Noah-Pinheiro, "Associations between female genital mutilation/cutting And HIV: A review of the evidence," Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Women Thrive. New York: Population Council. (forthcoming)
  • Y. Abisola Noah Pinheiro, Zhuzhi Moore, and David Gathara, "Associations between FGM/C and HIV in Ethiopia, Gambia, Kenya, and Sierra Leone: A limited analysis of Demographic and Health Survey data," Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Women Thrive. New York: Population Council. (forthcoming)

EARLY/CHILD MARRIAGE
Evidence brief:

Based on:

  • Jamlick Karumbi, David Gathara, and Jacinta Muteshi, "Exploring the association between FGM/C and child marriage: A review of the evidence," Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Women Thrive. New York: Population Council, May 2017.
  • David Gathara and Jamlick Karumbi, "Associations between female genital mutilation/cutting and early/child marriage: A multi-country DHS/MICS analysis." New York: Population Council. (forthcoming)