Journal Article

Integrating family planning and prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in resource-limited settings

Every year, about 700,000 children under the age of 15 years are newly infected with HIV. More than 90% of paediatric HIV infections are due to mother-to-child transmission, and more than 90% are in sub-Saharan Africa. In June, 2001, the UN General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS set targets to reduce the proportion of infants infected with HIV by 20% by 2005, and by 50% by 2010. The UN Interagency Task Team on Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Infection has proposed a four-component strategy: (1) prevent HIV infection in all people, especially young women; (2) prevent unintended pregnancies in HIV-infected women; (3) prevent HIV transmission from HIV-infected women to their infants through antiretroviral therapy, safe delivery practices, and counselling and support on infant-feeding methods; and (4) provide care and support to HIV-infected women, their infants, and families.