Efforts to prevent mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV have dramatically reduced the number of new HIV infections in children. These efforts have been identified by UNAIDS and the US government as one of the key interventions to creating an AIDS-free future, if they are implemented widely and appropriately.
The Council evaluates PMTCT services with the goal of strengthening services and increasing their use. This includes studying the quality of post-test counseling services, postnatal care services, psychosocial support services, and adherence to drug therapies. Council researchers have conducted situation analyses in Kenya and South Africa to document the barriers to pediatric testing and treatment—even when treatment is available—and developed strategies to address these barriers.