A selection of 2020 PERCC Projects underway.
A City that Welcomes Migrants: Intervention Research in Mongla, Bangladesh
Rural to urban migration is a climate change adaptation strategy that poses high risks for young women due to unsafe transit and risky urban environments. Through qualitative research and analysis on migration and education patterns, we will test programs that connect young women from rural villages who are migrating to the port city of Mongla with the information and services they need to minimize risks.
Is Exposure to Arsenic in Drinking Water Linked with Adverse Health Outcomes Including Infertility?
According to WHO, long-term exposure to arsenic from drinking water and food can cause cancer, skin lesions, and has been associated with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and negative impacts on cognitive development among those with fetal/early childhood exposure. In very small studies, there is a suggested link between arsenic exposure and infertility. Using spatial integration methods, we are exploring the potential negative health effects of people living in areas with high arsenic levels in the groundwater.
Exploring the Nexus Between Climate Change and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Gender
This intra-Council initiative is examining the effects of climate change on fertility and reproductive health outcomes in Zambia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Mexico. Teams from each country work together to establish cross-cutting themes and complementary pathways within a conceptual framework, in addition to country-specific gaps and needs. The findings from the formative phase will be used to design adaptation interventions that build resiliency with gender-based needs at the core, to sustainably protect and advance SRHR. Testing evidence-based, gender-informed interventions and generating qualitative and longitudinal, quantitative data across four countries will help to shape favorable adaptation policies.
Taking a Deeper Dive into Climate, Population and Vulnerability in Sindh, Pakistan
Diverse data sources (e.g. meteorology, agriculture, demography, economics) were combined to develop an integrated picture of climate change and population trends across Pakistan , with notable findings on fertility intentions and migration patterns. The second phase of this research will focus on the province of Sindh where there have been record-breaking heatwaves, droughts, monsoon flooding and rising sea levels in recent years, and where there are stark rural-urban contrasts.
Gendering Vulnerabilities, Adaptation and Coping Strategies to Climate Change in Mexico and Central America
Given the extreme vulnerability of Mexico and Central America to climate variability and climate shocks, we are studying their impact on the challenges women face in both rural and poor urban settings. Understanding the impact of climate change on employment, livelihoods, safety, health, housing, and access to basic services is critical for designing and implementing inclusive and effective interventions and policies..
Extending the Community Demographic Model to Assess Climate Risks at Subnational Levels of a Selection of Countries
The Community Demographic Model (CDM) is a population projection system that simulates and projects major demographic trends at the community level. These sub-national projections and spatial distributions of populations at high resolution consistent with the widely used Shared Socio-economic Pathways will lead to the identification of environmentally risky hot spots, based on population sizes and compositions, in conjunction with extreme climate events such as heat waves, inland flooding and sea level rise. This project extends the CDM’s capabilities to contextualize responses to environmental risks, and to generate more precise spatial distributions of demographic heterogeneity, which will contribute to important assessments of various populations’ exposure and vulnerability.