Integration of services for sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV has been widely promoted globally in the belief that both clients and health providers benefit through improvements in quality, efficient use of resources, and lower costs, helping to maximize limited health resources and provide comprehensive client-centered care. This article builds on the growing body of research on integrated sexual SRH and HIV services. It brings together critical reviews on issues within the wider SRH and rights agenda and synthesizes recent research on integrated services, drawing on the Integra Initiative and other major research. Unintended pregnancy and HIV are intrinsically interrelated SRH issues, however broadening the constellation of services, scaling up, and mainstreaming integration continue to be challenging. Overcoming stigma, reducing gender-based violence, and meeting key populations’ SRH needs are critical. Health systems research using SRH as the entry point for integrated services and interaction with communities and clients is needed to realize universal health coverage.
Published in a peer-reviewed journal of the Population Council. Charlotte E. Warren is Senior Associate, Population Council. Susannah H. Mayhew is Professor, Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK. Jonathan Hopkins was formerly Senior HIV Officer, International Planned Parenthood Federation, London, UK.