Research Publication

Understanding local variation in how female genital mutilation/cutting declines, changes, or persists: Analysis of household survey data for Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal

The Population Council leads Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Girls and Women Thrive—a UKAID-funded research consortium to help end female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) within one generation.

To help fill key knowledge gaps and inform policies and initiatives aimed at ending FGM/C, the research consortium examined geographic differences in FGM/C trends among girls aged 0–14 in Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal.

The researchers used advanced statistical modelling to show that FGM/C prevalence among girls tends to be concentrated in certain subregions and locations—with local social norms driving the practice. Their findings underscore the importance of subnational policies in initiatives to end FGM/C and provide evidence for investing in community-level interventions that promote shifts in social norms, including religious norms.

An Evidence Brief, produced by PRB, Understanding Local Variation in How Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting Declines, Changes, or Persists: Analysis of Household Survey Data for Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal, summarizes the research, detailed in the following working papers and journal article: