Research Topic

Youth and HIV

Photo Credit: James Matheka

Worldwide, a large proportion of all new HIV infections occur in people under age 25. AIDS is currently the leading cause of death among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa and the second leading cause of death globally. AIDS-related deaths are declining in every age group except 10–19 years old.

The Population Council provides insight into the needs of young people and delivers solutions for some of the world’s most vulnerable youth, particularly adolescent girls, who are more likely to be infected than their male counterparts. We assess existing laws, policies, and programs to determine whether they are having their intended impact on different subgroups of youth.

We generate evidence to guide country and global decision-makers in meeting the prevention, care, support, and treatment needs of young people living with, affected by, or vulnerable to HIV. And we go beyond the health sector, illuminating the structural drivers that increase girls’ and young women’s HIV risk, including poverty, gender inequality, sexual violence, and lack of education. 

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