The Population Council has been working in Zambia since 1994. It expanded operations in 2009 and now supports country-wide research on HIV prevention and treatment, sexual and reproductive health, and gender equality.
The Council is a recognized leader in Zambia’s efforts to combat sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). Through research, it has informed the development of national policy and programmatic responses to SGBV. It has also contributed significantly to reproductive health and family planning policy. During the Council’s first decade in Zambia, it conducted the first nation-wide assessment of contraceptive needs, re-introduced injectable contraceptives to the country’s family planning program, and established best practices for program implementation at the national level. Since expanding to include HIV prevention and treatment, the Council’s research has contributed to the evidence on HIV in Zambia, particularly related to key populations. It has also evaluated groundbreaking HIV interventions, such as male circumcision, to develop best practices and recommendation for country-wide scale-up and methods of delivery.